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India shoots down China’s demand of going again to 1959 model of LAC

New Delhi: India on Tuesday categorically rejected China”s “so-called unilaterally defined” Line of Actual Control(LAC) of 1959, and requested the neighbouring nation to chorus from advancing an “untenable” interpretation of the de-facto border.

The Indian authorities additionally reminded China that its insistence there may be solely “one LAC” is opposite to the solemn commitments made by Beijing in earlier bilateral agreements, and anticipated it’s going to “sincerely” abide by them of their entirety.


The assertion by the Ministry of External Affairs(MEA) got here in response to feedback by a Chinese overseas ministry spokesperson that China continues to comply with its 1959 stand on the notion of the LAC.

The sharp alternate of phrases between the 2 international locations on the notion of the LAC got here within the midst of their practically five-month-long tense border standoff in japanese Ladakh with either side deploying hundreds of troops in addition to heavy weapons like tanks and missiles within the mountainous area.

“India has never accepted the so-called unilaterally defined 1959 Line of Actual Control. This position has been consistent and well known, including to the Chinese side,” MEA Spokesperson Anurag Srivastava stated in response to a query by the media on China insisting that it takes the 1959 line on notion of the LAC.


Srivastava additional stated the 2 sides had engaged in an train to “clarify and confirm” the LAC as much as 2003, however the course of couldn’t proceed additional because the Chinese facet didn’t present a willingness to pursue it.

The spokesperson’s feedback got here after the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson informed Hindustan Times that China abides by the LAC as proposed by then Premier Zhou Enlai to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru in a letter dated November 7, 1959.

The feedback by Srivastava additionally got here on a day when China needled India and questioned the standing of Ladakh as union territory of India.


“China does not recognise the so-called ”Ladakh Union Territory” illegally set up by India. We are opposed to conducting infrastructure development for military purposes in disputed border areas,” Chinese overseas ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin informed a media briefing in Beijing.

Wang stated this in response to a query by a Western journalist that India is prioritising the development of high-altitude all-weather roads on its border with China within the Ladakh area.

When China voiced its opposition final yr to creation of a separate union territory of Ladakh, India had stated it doesn’t touch upon the inner affairs of different international locations and equally expects different international locations to do likewise.


On Tuesday, Srivastava additionally referred to numerous pacts together with the 1993 settlement on upkeep of peace and tranquility alongside the LAC, the 1996 pact on confidence constructing measures (CBMs), the 2005 protocol on implementation of CBMs and the 2005 settlement on political parameters and guiding ideas for settlement of the boundary subject, to stress that either side have been dedicated to “clarification and confirmation of the LAC” to achieve a typical understanding about its alignment.

“In fact, the two sides had engaged in an exercise to clarify and confirm the LAC up to 2003, but this process could not proceed further as the Chinese side did not show a willingness to pursue it,” he stated.


“Therefore, the insistence now of the Chinese side that there is only one LAC is contrary to the solemn commitments made by China in these agreements,” he added.

Referring to Defence Minister Rajnath Singh”s latest deal with to Parliament, Srivastava stated it’s the Chinese facet which by its makes an attempt to transgress the LAC in numerous components of the Western Sector has tried to unilaterally alter the established order.

“As we have previously made clear, the Indian side has always respected and abided by the LAC,” he stated.


The MEA spokesperson additionally talked about repeated affirmation of the Chinese facet in the previous couple of months that the present state of affairs within the border areas ought to be resolved in accordance with the agreements signed between the 2 international locations.

“In the agreement reached between External Affairs Minister and his Chinese counterpart on 10th September also, the Chinese side has reiterated its commitment to abide by all the existing agreements,” Srivastava stated.

“We therefore expect that the Chinese side will sincerely and faithfully abide by all agreements and understandings in their entirety and refrain from advancing an untenable unilateral interpretation of the LAC,” he added.


External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi held a bilateral assembly in Moscow on September 10 on the sidelines of a Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) meet.

At the talks, the 2 sides reached a five-point settlement to resolve the standoff in japanese Ladakh.

The settlement included measures like fast disengagement of troops, avoiding motion that would escalate tensions, adherence to all agreements and protocols on border administration and steps to revive peace alongside the LAC.

On the idea of the understanding reached between Jaishankar and Wang, the 2 sides held a virtually 14-hour-long high-level navy dialogue on September 21 following which they introduced a slew of selections to de-escalate the state of affairs.


The choices included to cease sending extra troops to the frontline, chorus from unilaterally altering the state of affairs on the bottom and keep away from taking any actions that will additional complicate issues.

It was for the primary time that the 2 armies introduced particular measures to ease tensions in japanese Ladakh the place the face-off started in early May.

The state of affairs escalated manifold after 20 Indian troopers have been killed in clashes in Galwan Valley on June 15. The Chinese facet too suffered casualties, however it’s but to disclose the main points.

The state of affairs additional deteriorated following not less than three makes an attempt by the troopers of the Chinese People”s Liberation Army(PLA) to “intimidate” Indian troops alongside the northern and southern financial institution of Pangong lake space between August 29 and September 9 the place even photographs have been fired within the air for the primary time on the LAC in 45 years.


The two sides are anticipated to carry one other spherical of diplomatic talks this week below the framework of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination (WMCC) on India-China border affairs.

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